5.1. What is composting?
Composting is the natural process of organic waste degradation into a hygienic, relatively biostable, humus rich product, the compost, that improves soil and nourishes plants. The basic mechanism in composting is the decomposition of the putrescible fraction of the organic matter, carried out by a diverse population of microorganisms comprised mainly of bacteria, fungi and archaea. Through home composting kitchen and garden waste can be transformed into a usefull product, the compost that has the combined capacities of nourishing crops and adding humus to soils, without threatening the environment and the life or health of plants and animals. 

5.2 Why should we adopt home composting?
Because of the vast quantities of organic waste, composting may have a positive impact on the environment and an important contribution towards achieving sustainable waste management. Full scale composting can be considered a facet of recycling, while home composting can be deemed as a waste prevention action. Encompassing home composting in our daily routines, we can reduce our waste up to 35%. Home compost is a soil conditioner. Therefore, the application of compost in our garden, improves soil properties and – in some cases – reduces the need for the application of fertilisers.

5.3 What about equipment?
Apart from organic waste, the only essential piece of equipment is a garden fork. However, in order to keep our composting mixture neater, we may get a compost bin (€70 - €350). A thermometer for composting (over €39) and a shredder (over €100) could also be helpful.